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Anatomy of the Eye

General Anatomy of the Eye.

General Anatomy of the Eye.

Cornea: The clear front segment of the eye that covers the iris, pupil and anterior chamber and helps focus light onto the retina.
Iris: The iris is the tissue that gives colour to the eye and helps to control how much light enters the eye.
Lens: The transparent structure in the eye that helps bring rays of light to focus on the retina.
Macula: A very small central area of the retina with cells that are sensitive to light. The macula gives us the ability to see clearly.
Optic Nerve: As the largest sensory nerve in the eye, the optic nerve connects the eye to the brain.
Pupil: The dark circle located in the middle of the iris. By varying in size, it helps to decide how much light the eye will let in.
Retina: The retina is light sensitive layers of tissue lining the back of the eye. The retina converts images into electrical impulses that are sent through the optic nerve to the brain to tell us what we see.
Vitreous: The transparent, jelly-like mass that fills the middle of the eye.


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